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1713 :Treaty of Utrecht

The history of Newfounland and Labrador francophone

The history of the Treaty of Utrecht

Nos comunautés après Utrecht, FFTNL project




The history of the Treaty of Utrecht

In Utrecht, Netherlands on April 11, 1713, England and France signed a peace treaty to end the War of the Spanish Succession, which had begun in 1700. Among other conditions, this treaty ceded Newfoundland to England and forced the French to evacuate the base of Placentia ( Plaisance ), which resulted in the end of the French fishery on the south coast. However, France retained the right to fish on a section of coastline between Cape Bonavista and Point Riche, which would become known as " French Shore".

This was the beginning of the collapse of the French colonization in North America. The majority of the French chose to leave : many returned to France, some of them were deported and others chose to pledge allegiance to England and to assimilate the English and the Irish. Despite this, an isolated minority would survive in the region of Port-au-Port . This historical reality demonstrates the courage and tenacity of the Francophone people of the province. Although the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht had a huge impact on what has become the province of Newfoundland and Labrador , this story is little known  in NL communities.



"Nos communautés après Utrecht" : FFTNL project

In 2013, as part of the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of the Treaty of Utrecht , the FFTNL aimed to shine a spotlight on the Francophone and Acadian presence on NL and  the impact of the signature of this important treaty for all Newfoundlanders and Labradorians . The FFTNL wanted to trace the history of our Francophone communities since the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht to emphasize the French presence and cultural identity in NL.

A bilingual exhibit has been developed to create awareness of the history of Francophones in the province. It consists of 8 illustrated panels. To make it more interactive, the FFTNL called upon French-speaking artists Louise Moyes and Paul Rowe to present the exhibit as an interactive show, where the audience can interact with the actors.

The artists presented " Nos communautés après Utrecht " to students in a tour of French schools throughout the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. This fall the exhibition took place at the Arts and Culture Centre in St. John’s and was performed for students in immersion schools.



You can see the exhibition at Centre scolaire et communautaire Sainte-Anne in Mainland.




Pictures of the presentation of "Nos communautés après Utrecht" at students from l'école des Grands Vents, St. John's, NL.




Article Gaboteur édition 29.13 : (only in French)
Article Gaboteur 29.13 Traité Utrecht
(580 Ko)

"Nos communautés après Utrecht" un projet qui se poursuit : (only in French)
Nouvelles Traité d'Utrecht
(100 Ko)



For more information about the project "Nos communautés après Utrecht", please contact :

Roxanne Leduc
Vice Executive Director
(709) 757-2828

Fédération des francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador (FFTNL)
65, chemin Ridge, 2e étage, bureau 233
St. John's (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador)
A1B 4P5

Date d'impression : 2021-04-15
Téléphone : 709-722-0627
Télécopieur : 709-722-9904
Courriel :
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